If you like “The Matrix”, don’t read this…


The Matrix: A Nihilistic Philosophy

Apologies to anyone who may read this and has previously found a calling to follow Jesus more fully through this really well done movie.  It is possible to see that the producers of the movie, “The Matrix” could have allowed for a sense of turning away from sin that is in the world, to be the central theme of the movie.  However, there are a few choices that they made, and one choice that will be shown here, that displays the end that they hoped to achieve.

It is the first scene of the movie that brings you into this world of fantasy, that you are hooked on from the beginning of the action.  However, it is the scene where Neo is awakened by a computer screen that is somehow asking him to wake up, and that begins to explain the whole movie, even all of the movies in the Matrix trilogy.  After instructing him through the text on his computer screen to follow the white rabbit, and then foretelling the knock on the door, Neo goes to get his data stash from a book.  The book’s name is “Simulacra & Simulation” by Jean Baudrillard, and the chapter that is visible to the viewer, if only subliminally at first glance, is “On Nihilism”.  Everything that is placed in this scene is done so for the reason of having an effect on the viewer, even if it is only meant to affect your subconscious.

To explain what is meant there, it helps to see what might happen to a viewer of this movie.  After watching it, there may be a sense that something religious was happening, and this would be intentional.  The name, Morpheus, is translated from the god of dreams, and the name Neo is a symbol for the new man.  The first character presented is Trinity, who is made out to be a real tough bad guy character, and who is capable of amazing feats of strength and fighting ability.  It is possible that as the movie goes on, all of this could be obscured by the fact that Neo was still plugged in to the Matrix when he first found the book, so it wasn’t meant to be real.  However, the thing that made Morpheus come after Neo was his searching for the truth that existed outside of his reality, that seems to be indicated by this book.

If you look at nihilistic philosophy, it explains that there is no religion and that life is essentially meaningless.  It was the philosophy that was used by the Russian government in order to promote more social order.  This scene could be seen as a general reference to “Alice in Wonderland” and the follow the white rabbit, but there is more going on here than just a reference to illicit drug use to unplug from the world.  Finally, here is the quote from the book that I found in an article about the reference used in the movie, that basically spells out the theme.  “The apocalypse is finished, today it is the precession of the neutral, of forms of the neutral and of indifference. I will leave it to be considered whether there can be a romanticism, an aesthetic of the neutral therein. I don’t think so – all that remains, is the fascination for desert-like and indifferent forms, for the very operation of the system that annihilates us.”  This was taken from Jean Baudrillard’s, “Simulacra and Simulation”, and specifically from the chapter called, “On Nihilism”.  (Dyer, 2014)

Many people got duped into believing in a higher message of this first movie, and were let down by the second and third movies in the trilogy.  However, it is this one scene that should have been a signal to the philosophy that was to come in the next two movies.  There is plenty of other evidence of this film’s attempt at furthering a nihilistic narrative.  Yet, the most convincing evidence by far is the explanation of this theory to a 14 year-old, who has seen the movie too many times to count, and who immediately understood all three movies in light of this philosophical perspective.  The 14 year-old is the writer’s middle son, who was initially skeptical, but after hearing out the whole argument was left with the impression that he can’t wait to get into college to be able to study film in this way.

To think that, because the book that includes a chapter on nihilism only makes a cameo appearance in one of the opening scenes of the movie, it couldn’t be the driving philosophical force behind the movie would be a mistake.  It was in a book about adapting philosophy that Catherine Constable said that the producers of the Matrix made the book, “Simulacra & Simulation” by Jean Baudrillard required reading for all cast members.  (Constable, 2009) The author, Jean Baudrillard, accuses the film of misrepresenting his work.  However, it is clear that they were attempting to represent it, regardless of the opinion of the results by the original author.


Dyer, Jay (2014). The Matrix (1999) – Esoteric Analysis. [Web log post] Received from:  https://jaysanalysis.com/2014/01/20/the-matrix-1999-esoteric-analysis/

Constable, C. (2009). Adapting philosophy : Jean Baudrillard and *The Matrix Trilogy*. Manchester, GB: Manchester University Press. Retrieved from http://www.ebrary.com.

Abortion: The Symptom of the Disease


Stump Speech – Strategy Paper

Jason M. Roebuck

Northwest Christian University

Comm307 – Professor Marshall

The topic of abortion was something that evokes a lot of emotion for me.  Instead of focusing on personal experience, the speech was focusing on explaining the issue from the standpoint of the cause and solution, rather than the issue itself.  The choice was made to not include personal experience, because it would have caused the speech to focus on all the facets of the problem, rather than providing a cause and solution.  Explaining the problem, discussing the cause and the solution were already causing the video to run long, so I had to decide to take something out.

The fact that YouTube was the media that is chosen for uploading the speech, the seated position was chosen for delivery, because it seems the most natural.  Although, there was a good portion of the video that discussed the nature of the problem of abortion, since the audience is students and a professor from a Christian University, there is no explanation of Christian morality or anytime spent explaining the nature of who God is or the fact that Jesus is his son.  There was a conscious decision made to mention the fact that God has provided our way out of the mess of our over-sexualized culture, and that way is comes from God in three persons.

It was the rule of 3’s that was used from the lecture on audience analysis that was used to focus the audience on the three issues in our culture, but more importantly on the three solutions that were offered.  However, by focusing on three issues, as well as three solutions, it made it easier to see the three solutions, namely lies, hook-ups, and promiscuity help accentuate the truth, purity and chastity that are offered as solutions.  From Chapter 5, I the more or less topic is offered as one of the universal arguments to justify pointing out the magnitude of the abortion issue.  The audience may have heard the number of 56 million abortions since 1972 before, but it may actually reinforce the validity of the extent of the problem, by hearing it again.



Karlyn, C., Huxman, S., & Burkholder, T. (2015). 5th Chapter: The Resources of Argument. The Rhetorical Act: Thinking, Speaking, and Writing Critically (5th ed., p. 11). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.

Marshall, S. (2016, May 16). YouTube. Lecture 1 -Audience Analysis. Retrieved June 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fhqvDYqUeOk&feature=youtu.be.


Stump Speech Assignment – Outline

Abortion:  The Symptom of the Disease

Thesis:  We must change our mind to change the world.


In order to make a change in the culture that will impact the lives of the people we love, we must be willing to make a change in our own minds about the way we look at sex.  The culture we live in right now terminates approximately 3,000 babies in the womb every day.  A lot of people in the pro-life movement say that the problem stems from the fact that abortion is legal.  The problem with that argument is that it says that making abortion illegal could solve the problem.  The solution, however, is much simpler than making abortion illegal, and it doesn’t involve forcing women, in crisis pregnancies, to seek out doctors who will perform illegal or “back alley” abortions.


  1. How we got here.
  2. An article I found in the Brookings Policy Brief Series from 1996 says that more babies are born to unwed mothers every year since they started keeping track in 1965, even though the invention of artificial forms of birth control and abortion were meant to lower the number.
  3. In 2015, the total number of abortions in this country, since it was made legal over 40 years ago, was over 56 million.
  4. The Morality Vacuum
  5. Since the encyclical called “Humanae Vitae” in 1968, the Catholic Church, specifically Pope Paul VI, had been saying that artificial forms of birth control would lead to the reduction of women to nothing more than an instrument to satisfy man’s desires.
  6. Common sense says his words from the beginning of the sexual revolution have largely come true.
  7. A pattern of attitude towards sexual activity has developed in this country since the turn of the 20th century, which is evidenced by the film and music industry over past 100 years.
  8. Led to the hookup culture that we currently have in our world today.

III. How do we change the culture?

  1. We start by looking at the way we look at each other.
  2. Modesty is not only how we dress, but also how we stare at and talk to the opposite sex.
  3. We should be looking at the whole person, not just a body part.
  4. Who is responsible for immodesty?
  5. A woman and men can do their best to compliment her body with the clothes she wears without uncovering provocative body parts, wherever and whenever this is possible.
  6. Men and women can have better custody of their eyes.

iii. In an article simply called, “On Modesty in Dress” John Wallon explains in two sentences the best treatment on the subject of modesty I have ever read.  He says and I’m paraphrasing, “The modestly dressed woman is usually more attractive…the allure of womanly mystery draws the man to the whole woman…exciting because she excites the whole man in a high and beautiful way that evokes respect for her and God’s creative power.

  1. Besides modesty, we should be promoting chastity
  2. Lose the idea that it is a foregone conclusion that young people, or old people for that matter, are going to hook up, and that is just the way it is.
  3. Look for ways to support young people, or just couples, gathering in groups, rather than one on one.
  4. Talk about the reasons for waiting until marriage.
  5. Use examples of married couples who are joyful in their marriages because they understood and understand chastity.
  6. Include creating a better culture to raise children in as a main reason for purity.


It is not a crisis of abortion we face in this country, but rather a crisis of morality.  We must face the demons of lies, the hook up culture, and promiscuity that exist in this world, because we have allowed them to wreak havoc on our society for too long.  However, we can hope in God who sent his son, Jesus, who was born of a Virgin Mother, to show us the way out of our misery.  The way out is truth, purity and chastity.  We must start by changing our minds, in order to change the minds of the world, and start to change the culture.

Humanae Vitae or “On Human Life”. 1968. Vatican: Pope Paul VI.

Akerlof, George A. 1996. An Analysis of Out-of-Wedlock Births in the United States. Brookings Policy Brief Series. #4

Mallon, John. 2005. On Modesty in Dress. The Sooner Catholic. Oklahoma City, OK

Here is my video, with a few edits that I added to my submitted video and a couple Snapchat shots that I added just for the sake of sharing it here!



Suffering, patiently?


The Book of Job Teaches How the Righteous Suffer

Individual Project – Written Sermonpatience

Jason M Roebuck

Professor: Erica Mongé-Greer

Course: Old Testament Wisdom and Ethics

April 29, 2016

The Book of Job was a difficult read from beginning to end because of the repetitive nature of the argument between Job and his friends. On reading this book in the course of reading through all of the bible for the first time, it is possible to ignore the repetitive nature and possibly just read through the book without taking any notice of the peculiarities that repeat in the arguments. However, after studying it, the Book of Job is deemed a book of wisdom because of the way that Job, a righteous man, suffers severe misfortune and argues that he does not deserve to suffer because of his righteousness, and impatiently waits for God’s response. The response from God makes clear who is in charge and so the Book of Job shows how a person should approach God when questions arise about God’s omnipotence or his authority. It is a call to be patient.

    In the first verse of the first chapter, Job is introduced to the reader as a man who is without blame, who had a healthy fear of God and stayed away from evil.1 This understanding of his blamelessness is important to his story. It sets up the counter-point to his friends who will all argue that everything he suffers comes from his lack of fidelity to God. It isn’t until the middle of the book that Job begins to make the argument that God is absent in respect to justice. This can be seen as a natural step in understanding the will of God in a tough situation that is addressed by the Book of Psalms as well as the Book of Job.

In Psalm 73, it questions the prosperity of the wicked.2 Similarly, Job 21 argues the same, albeit in answer to Job’s friends saying that he is being punished for his wickedness.3 The question is raised in both the Psalms and Job that may require a deeper spiritual understanding. In an article that discusses the references to the “night” in both the Psalms and the Book of Job, Funlola Olojede states, “In terms of content, some aspects of Job’s speeches also bear striking resemblance to some Psalms of lament.”3 Psalm 73 is one of the Psalms of lament. Later in the article, he explains that the suffering that is common to the Psalter is also the center of Job’s lament expressed through his trials.4 All of this leads to an understanding that although lament is a normal part of suffering, it should lead to the realization that the nighttime, or suffering, is just another time in the course of a whole day. Therefore, it is not necessary to dwell on the negative aspects of our existence for too long, because the night only has power if it is given it. As Olojede’s articles ends, he articulates, “Darkness is exposed as day dawns again and the heavens declare the glory of the Lord!”5

All of the repeated questioning and arguing between Job and his three friends, as well as the younger and more impetuous Elihu, leads to the response that Job was waiting for. In his article titled, “Interpretation”, Samuel E. Balentine pronounces, “By any normal definition of Justice such evidence requires God’s intervention.”6 God finally puts Job in his place, and answers his questioning of justice with a resounding rebuff about how God’s will is more important than any creation’s question of why he does what he does. Again, Balentine says it this way, “Until God speaks and settles these matters one way or the other, every steward of Job’s faith listens for God with ears attuned to the cries for help of the wound and the dying.”7 Although, he continues on to talk about a nation who suffered during a war, he could just as easily went back to discuss how every person who will suffer during their lifetime will wait for help to come to them and those who suffer that are close to them. God’s answer that comes to Job directly in chapter 38 is a sign to everyone that all of the argument that came before is nothing but pointless drivel. God explains himself as the omniscient and all-powerful one clearly to Job in chapters 38 and 39.8

The righteous one, Job, is restored to his former place of honor in his family and among his friends, with more offspring and twice as much prosperity as he had before.9 In his final response to God, Job realizes that everything that God has spoken about him is true. It is not just because Job is God’s creation and therefore has no right to question the creator, but also because God’s authority in everything is perfect. The purpose for Job’s trials, or any trial that human beings endure in this world, is to accomplish God’s design in the world, and not anyone’s individual design, regardless of their righteousness. It is important to wait for the answer that will come from God whenever trials come, and only listen to the advice of friends that tell you to wait for the Lord.

    If someone had to suffer all of what Job suffered in one lifetime, it seems like a bit much to presume they could endure it. So, it is the idea that no matter what a person suffers, up to an including all that Job suffered, they should wait patiently for the answer for their suffering. The implication that can be drawn from the Book of Job is that the answer may be that God allows our suffering to prove a point. While patiently enduring our suffering know that God’s will is perfect. The last line of the Book of Job says, “Then Job died, old and full of years.”10 If this would have been the ending without Job’s restoration, the assumption could be made that his reward for his long-suffering life would come after death, and for many Christians who suffer today this brings hope. However, all Hebrew people did not believe in the resurrection, so it would be hard to see Job being written that way. It is possible to go through life constantly questioning why God would allow suffering of any kind, in our lives or the lives of other more faith-filled people. Yet, it is a much better life, even for an outsider like Job, to lean on God’s understanding and be patient and know that he is God.11


1. New American Bible. (Washington, D.C.: Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., 2010), Job 1:1.

2. Bible. Psalm 88:19.

3. Funlola Olojede, “…What of the night?” Theology of night in the Book of Job and the Psalter,” Old Testament Essays, 28(3), (2015). 726, accessed April 29, 2016, https://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2312-3621/2015/v28n3a10.

4. Olojede, Job and the Psalter, 732.

5. Olojede, Job and the Psalter, 736.

6. Samuel E. Balentine, “Job 23:1-9, 16-17,” Interpretation. 53.3 (1999): 1, accessed April 28, 2016, Academic OneFile.

7. Balentine, Interpretation, 3.

8. Bible. Job 38-39.

9. Bible. Job 42:10.

10. Bible. Job 42:17.

11. Bible. Psalms 46:11.


Balentine, Samuel E. “Job 23:1-9, 16-17,” Interpretation 53.3 (1999): 1-3. Accessed April 28, 2016. Academic OneFile.

New American Bible, Revised Edition (2010). Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC

Olojede, Funlola. “…What of the night?” Theology of night in the Book of Job and the Psalter,” Old Testament Essays, 28(3), (2015): 724-737. Accessed April 29, 2016. https://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2312-3621/2015/v28n3a10.

(This is my final forum post in my Wisdom and Ethics class, that references this past assignment, and I hope it makes clear the wonderful concepts of wisdom that came to me through this great class!)

1) Wisdom to me before this course was something that old people had through immersion in knowledge learned from experience in the world and through scripture.  It was also an identity that was personified through some of the texts from the Old Testament.  Finally, wisdom was something to be acquired over time, it is for the older generation, and even though I am older, I have always seen it is as something that my elders would have, not me.

2) My first premise about wisdom was confirmed but it has changed, in that I have seen that wisdom comes from many different parts of scripture.  The most dramatic understanding for me was the knowledge that wisdom comes through the Psalms, and although I think I knew it from praying through the Psalms for years, I had not given them the credit they deserved.  I have confirmed the knowledge that wisdom is personified through the Wisdom of Solomon, but I had not paid much attention to how wisdom was personified in Ben Sira.  I hope that through this class and after graduation in December, I can continue to learn about wisdom and increase in my knowledge of it through continued study of the scriptures.

3) As I said in my individual project, I feel the ethical topic that came through the book of Job was patience.  Specifically, I don’t think I quoted this verse in my paper, but Job 1:21 says it all:

He said, “Naked I came forth from my mother’s womb, and naked shall I go back to the earth.  The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord!”

I heard this verse quoted to me by a father who had just lost his son in the Umpqua River about 7 years ago, and I will never forget the faith that he displayed in that moment for me of real despair.  Now, I know that it was not just faith, but patience in knowing that only in God’s time would he would know the reason for this tragedy.  We still can’t explain why Josue is not with us today, he would be 23 years old this year.  He has a nephew, who bears his name as his middle name, and I pray that he watches over him and all of us.  However, his passing will forever be a reminder to me of faith of a father and patience in knowing God’s will for us in our suffering.

Call of a Man


Call of a Man: Plot of the Old Testament

Jason M. Roebuck

Northwest Christian University


Too often, the Old Testament is seen as a history of an ancient people, and a list of regulations that were to be followed by the Israelites, that would never follow them in today’s world. This paper will be an attempt to show that the stories of the Old Testament reveal the truth of God’s plan for the world, not just the Israelites. God intended to call all of creation back to himself through Man, and it is clear from the beginning of the Old Testament to the end. This essay is my attempt at explaining the nature of that call and how it relates to us.

Call of a Man: Plot of the Old Testament

At the end of the first chapter of Genesis, it states that God looked at everything that he had made, and found it very good. (Genesis 1:31) The knowledge of everything that God made is very good is fundamental to grasping the way the story of how God chosen people will bring about the salvation of the whole world. If God looked at creation and saw that parts of it that he made were not so good, then we might be justified in looking for ways to not love those that were not so good. However, he made all good things to lead his creation back to himself. This is the story of how one man was called, Abraham, and then another was saved from slavery, Joseph, and finally another led the chosen people out of slavery, Moses. All this, in order to be a signal to all creation that God has a plan to lead it to eternity with him.

The story of Abraham gives us the first of many glimpses of how our life can get flipped upside down when God calls us. God calls Abram and tells him that he is the chosen one, but then leads him to Egypt to fall into the hands of Pharaoh and his wife is taken from him. The account here is not to say that Abram was not complicit in what happened to his wife, but the fact that he would be put in this position right after he was called, is quite telling. Of course, God gives him a way out, by striking the Pharaoh and his household with a severe plague because of Sarai, Abram’s wife, and he sends them away. (Genesis 12:17, 20) The story continues by telling of how Abram’s name was changed to Abraham. God leads him to the land he promised him and gives him offspring. Finally, the covenant that was made with Abraham is established through his son, Isaac, and he continues his story through his children. Specifically, one of his children was named Jacob, who became the one to carry on the story of the chosen people, not without some deception, on him and his mother’s part. Nonetheless, he became the one Isaac blessed. (Genesis 27:37) Jacob’s name was changed to Israel, and from him was born the one through whom the chosen people, would be saved from famine, after he wrestled with God. (Genesis 32:29)

    Joseph was the chosen son of Israel to lead his people from the land of famine. It was only after his being sold into slavery and his miraculous recovery to sit beside the Pharaoh as the one in charge of his household and the whole land of Egypt. Joseph met up with his brothers, who had sold him into slavery, and forgave them and saved his people from the famine. This brought his people to live in Egypt, and eventually led to them to being put into slavery. However, this was the chosen path that God chose to grow his people through an “incubation” period that allowed them to grow in number and in strength. (Larsen, 2011) They were not encumbered by a need to create a government or a military, they only sought their own preservation through the following of the will of God. Finally, a man was chosen by God to set his people free.

    Moses was chosen by God to be raised by the Egyptians as one of their own. After he grew up, he chose to defend his people and was driven into hiding by an act of violence. God sent him back to Egypt, after some time living as a shepherd, to ask Pharaoh to release his people. Through plagues, Pharaoh was convinced to let Moses and his people go. It was the final plague that the Passover feast was instituted into the Jewish faith, because the first born of their families were kept safe by the blood of the lamb that was sacrificed for their meal the night before the Angel came from God to strike down the first born of every family in Egypt. (Exodus 12:12-13) This is a typology of what the prophets would foretell of the Messiah who would come once the chosen people were finally settled in the Promised Land. Before them, Moses and Aaron would warn the Hebrew people about not giving due honor to the Lord, by dying before they entered the land that was promised to their ancestors.

    The story continues to tell of how the people chosen by God would stray from the path chosen for them by God, by rejecting God’s commands and following other gods. There were many prophets that warned them about their lack of attention to what was God’s will for them, but they were ignored and tortured for their faith. Finally, the Prophets foretold of one who would come to bring all of creation back into relationship with God. He was to born of a woman, and his name would be Emmanuel, which means “With Us is God”. (Isaiah 7:14) Many other things were said of him, and written down through the Prophets, not the least of which is Isaiah 53.

    God chose to tell his story to us through all of the stories of the Old Testament, which leads us to the Gospel that is proclaimed in the New Testament. It is through these three men, Abraham, Joseph and Moses, that we see the way the Israelites would be brought to the Promised Land and be put in the position of bringing salvation to the whole world. It is because God created the world and found it very good, that we are being brought back to him through deliverance at the hands of the Son.


New American Bible, revised edition (2010) Confraternity of Christian Doctine, Inc., Washington, DC

Larsen, Jim (2011, May 26). Abraham. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wepPOe4_g9E&feature=youtu.be.

Typology, and It’s Value to Israel…to Christianity!


Typology is a great way of explaining the way of conversion that is available for people that still follow the Jewish faith.  A question that is asked often, and it was asked yesterday by my dad, is that if Jesus was Jewish and he brought about the fulfillment of the Jewish faith in the Messiah that they were waiting for, why do they not follow him and his teachings today?  The Old Testament is replete with examples of how the prophets foretold of a Messiah that would act exactly like Jesus did.  Professor Larsen gives us a great example in Isaiah 53, of a prophet who told of a Messiah that would be crushed for our sins.  I have heard the testimony of conversions, from people of Jewish faith, through their reading of the Old Testament which to them foretold of this man, who was the Messiah, named Jesus.  Jewish people were converted because they knew the history behind who Jesus was and what he represented, and the Old Testament gives them a blueprint of that same man.

As the Professor said in the video on typology, it is the story of Joseph and his being sold into slavery as well as the Exodus story, especially the Passover, that gives us a clear idea of what Jesus was going to do to save the world.  In the Old Testament, it was about the chosen race of Jewish people, but in the New Testament, Jesus is bringing his salvation to the whole world.  In one other story, there is a typology that really helps me when I struggle with going to church.  In Genesis, we hear the story of Noah, who is told by God to build a big boat, which saves his family and all the animals of the world.  To me, this is a typology of the church that was told by God that the gates of hell would not prevail against it.  (Matthew 16:18)  If we are listening to the spirit that leads us to get into the boat, God will save us through it.

Finally, the question was posed to us to consider the value to Israel, and that is what led to me at the beginning to discussing the conversion of Jewish people to Christianity.  However, there may be another typology within the New Testament that could be a clearer symbol of this conversion.  Saul, who was such a loyal and faithful Jew, he was persecuting Christians who were in opposition to his faith.  However, after being blinded by God on his way to Damascus and being asked by Jesus why he was persecuting him, and eventually having his sight restored by a Christian man, he became the apostle of Jesus, known to the world as Paul, who wrote many of the letters in the New Testament.  I don’t know if this fits the classic version of typology, but it is a great symbol of what is possible through the conversion of faith-filled Jewish people to Christianity.  In answer to the question posed at the beginning, I would say the conversion of the Jewish people goes against the domination of the world by Satan, because they would make such amazing evangelists, and that is why we do not see more of these conversions.  This is probably a massive over-simplification of the issue behind the conversion of Jews to Christianity, but I hope it is at least part of the answer.

We Are Losing Our Religion – Revised Draft


We Are Losing Our Religion:

Failing to Protect the Next Generation

Jason M. Roebuck

Northwest Christian University



This issue is important because even though more young people every day say they disagree with issues like abortion, they refuse to stand up for what they believe.  This attitude is one that is born from a lack of understanding and limited availability of scientific research to young people about the reasons attitudes toward abortion and indifference toward the poor are so vehemently defended.  It is important, because as a youth minister at a church in Springfield, Oregon, this research and my essay could serve to help me realize new and different ways to educate young people in and outside the church.

The issue of abortion has been a hotly debated in the United States for over 40 years.  Since abortion was made legal by a decision in 1973 by the Supreme Court, there have been many studies done and research analyzed about the ways abortion is supported and the conditions of the culture that lead more and more people to come out in support of a woman’s choice to terminate a pregnancy.  It is not as simple as whether or not someone was raised in the church.  The issue is not just about feminism and your belief in women’s rights or even opposition to equal rights for women.  What are the social conditions that have led to the abortion rights in America being vehemently defended?

The challenge to organized religion comes from indifference rather than atheism (Cheyne, 2010, p. 56).  Because of this challenge, there are more people that consider themselves as having no religion, “Nones”, than ever before.  The number of people that consider themselves atheist is significantly smaller than those who consider themselves as having no religion.  Cheyne says, “There were only 1% atheists among the 15% Nones”.  (p. 57)  Tamney, Johnson and Burton (1992) state that the reason this is so important to the argument about supporting conditions that defend abortion is that without religion there is no class of people willing to stand in opposition to life issues (p. 33).  The percentage of people who stand in radical opposition to faith is small, but still there is an ever increasing number of people that have no opinion on faith, because they have no interest in religion.  Tamney et al. (1992) declares, “Opposition to legalized abortion finds its ideological justification in the religious tradition, specifically in natural law or puritanical doctrines.” (p. 34).  Still, there needs to be more conversation between the conservative “religious” and the liberal “religious” in order to find out why abortion happens.  However, it is this lack of religion that begins to explain the social conditions that are leading our country to a place of not being able to defend the next generation from abortion.

If there is a decreasing amount of religious people, there are less people objecting to immoral and unethical behavior.  More directly, there are more people supporting behavior that would be seen by religious people as objectionable.  Chang (2005) articulates that early pregnancy prevention efforts failed because of their connection to issues like socialism and feminism.  All feminists or socialists are not going to support immoral or unethical behaviors, but without the balance of faith in God, their efforts will surely succeed to promote self-serving interests, rather than life-protecting issues, especially in areas of the country that are without religious affiliation (p. 228).  Early adopting states in support of legalized abortion were in areas of the United States that were without the fervor of support from the Catholic Church that supports efforts to defend life, and no real feminist movement in the 1960s.  (Chang, 2005, p. 228-229)  So, the forces that would be a rallying cry for people who stand in opposition to unethical and immoral behaviors were non-existent in these, mostly southern states, which were early adopters of state legalized abortion.  (Chang, 2005, p. 228)  At the end of Chang (2005), it declares that religion is an impetus for conflict within a society (p. 230).  It is that conflict that would allow us to see the real enemy in the disagreements over why abortion exists.

If someone accepts premarital sex and divorce as a part of normal life, it would be more likely that they would accept abortion.  Marsiglio and Shehan (1993) have alleged “People who have more traditional views, such as opposition to premarital sex and support of legal restrictions on divorce, are more likely to oppose abortion.”  Although, this is not quoted as the only reason for opposition to abortion in this article, it is posited as one of the strong factors in deciding whether someone is capable of standing in opposition to the action of aborting a child.  Borgmann (2009) theorizes that the belief in “life beginning at conception”, which comes from a religious perspective, is only a part of the beginning of the conversation.  It is only when reason and belief are considered together that we are able to come to a “reflective equilibrium”.

Religious freedom is being persecuted actively by secular societies that boldly claim that religious people are intolerant, because they won’t participate in activities that they object to on moral or religious grounds.  Hodge (2002) brings to light the oppression or active targeting of religious values by a “new class” of people that want to do away with traditional values because they stand in opposition to their neutrality towards social issues like abortion (p. 404).  However, it is only through the challenging of the issues that surround statements like, “life that begins at conception” that will help our society deal with the reasons that women choose to terminate a pregnancy.

Christians in the United States are seeing the level of persecution toward them on a much broader scale.  It is no longer just Catholics that are targeted, but all Christians that are following the rules that are laid out in scripture concerning sexuality and morality.  The conclusion drawn by Hodge (2002) is that “the oppression of Evangelicals and other people of faith should concern every social worker, for authentic diversity is an intrinsic good that enriches society” (p. 411).  It should be a concern for more than just the religious, that people with religious conservative values are being targeted with oppression, because it threatens the whole of society when a good that enriches the society is subjugated.  When the religious are asked to explain the reasons for their faith, real solutions to cultural issues can be found through an authentic dialog about why they believe and what that belief can do for them and others.

Some people in the modern world might say that we are becoming more self-aware, and not less religious.  It is true that we have more access to knowledge today, because of the internet and the ability to find reference material from any number of outlets.  However, it is also true that we don’t always choose to study the things that will enrich our lives and lead us to a moral truth that could guide our lives in a positive way.  Cheyne (2010) relates that this is what happens when the modern person is left alone to search the internet for truth, only to end up putting together a lot of stuff that sounds true, but they would have no principled basis that led to that truth (p.58).   People in today’s world are just so busy, it is difficult to make a commitment to slow down and listen to the wisdom that comes from any authority, even the authority that comes from their own church.  It is easier to just find someone who agrees with your stance on the issues, than to find the absolute truth that would speak to the heart of even the most cynical non-believer.

Finally, the argument could be made that people are deciding to not affiliate with religion, which causes them to lean more on a truth that relates to them alone.  Cheyne (2010) advances that a kind of “Religionism” exists among some of the believers that are found in our modern culture, where they pick what beliefs match their previously concluded understanding of faith (p. 58).  Without a reliance on some absolute truth, it would be easy to find ways to justify all kinds of moral evils, especially if the evil doesn’t have an effect on the reality that we have created for ourselves.  In addition, liberals are allowing themselves to be painted as evil and immoral, because they do not question the reasons that believers use statements like, “life begins at conception” as a reason for opposing abortion.  Borgmann (2009) gives us a glimpse of how political discourse is almost too polite to really consider issues like abortion.  The example of Barack Obama and John McCain’s answers to the question of when life begins, as a jumping off point for understanding why the question is not sufficiently answered.  “For his part, Obama answered that ‘if you believe that life begins at conception, then–and you are consistent in that belief–then I can’t argue with you on that.”  It is exactly that argument that needs to happen.  The author says McCain would have to believe in murder, since he supports abortion in some cases, even though he proposes that life begins at conception.  Card (2000) shapes the argument around the idea that some people believe that certain conditions need to be present to indicate a person exists, and it posits that in order to be a person, it must be able to survive outside the womb of the mother.  The author suggests that the argument presented there is not without problems, but it is an important argument to have, in order to come to an understanding of how liberals can accept abortion.  (p. 345)

The research done over the past 20 years says that it is a fact that the United States is becoming less religious.  However, the reality of a less religious country may lend itself to bringing more reason and understanding to bear on a people that have spent too much time being divided on many social issues.  Poteat (2012) shows through survey results that only people that do not have their identity tied up with their beliefs are able to see issues like abortion and same-sex marriage from a position of understanding (p. 62).  The article states that more research could be done on a larger scale, but the idea of not being too polarized on an issue, in order to be able to see both sides of it, makes sense to this author.

The losing of our religion in America and the lack of willingness to discuss morality in the public square are important factors that contribute to abortion being vehemently defended by a majority of the population.  However, it does not offer the solution to lowering the number of abortions performed.  If conservatives and liberals are sincerely challenging each other on important issues, like abortion, that can help the culture find solutions to these important issues.  “Only if you thoroughly reform your ways and your deeds; if each of you deals justly with your neighbor; if you no longer oppress the alien, the orphan, and the widow; if you no longer shed innocent blood in this place or follow after other gods to your own harm, only then will I let you continue to dwell in this place, in the land I gave your ancestors long ago and forever.”  (Jeremiah 7:5-7  NABRE)



Borgmann, Caitlin E. (2009). Symposium Volume: New Scholarship on Reproductive Rights: Belief and Reason in the Abortion Debate (Report No. 18 Colum. J. Gender & L. 551). New York, New York:  Columbia Journal of Gender and Law.

Card, R. F. (2000). INFANTICIDE AND THE LIBERAL VIEW ON ABORTION. Bioethics, 14(4), 340.

Chang, P. (2005). Abortion, Religious Conflict, and Political Culture. Journal for The Scientific Study Of Religion, 44(2), 225-230.

Cheyne, J. A. (2010). The Rise of the Nones. Skeptic, 15(4), 56-60.

Hodge, D. R. (2002). Does Social Work Oppress Evangelical Christians? A ‘New Class’ Analysis of Society and Social Work. Social Work, 47(4), 401-414.

Marsiglio, W., & Shehan, C. L. (1993). Adolescent Males’ Abortion Attitudes: Data from a National Survey. (Cover story). Family Planning Perspectives, 25(4), 162.

Poteat, V. H. (2012). (Dis)similarity Between Liberals and Conservatives: Predicting Variability in Group Differences on Abortion and Same-Sex Marriage Rights Attitudes. Basic & Applied Social Psychology, 34(1), 56-65.

Tamney, J. B., Johnson, S. D., & Burton, R. (1992). The abortion controversy: conflicting beliefs and values in American society. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 31(1), 32-46.


Rewriting the Psalms…Journal #3


Psalm 1 (in my own words)

Happy is the man who does not follow bad examples,011816_1756_CovenantFir1.png

nor do they live in opposition to God,

nor hang with people who convince you evil is good.

Instead, he finds eternal happiness in following God;

with the Word of God always in the front of his mind.

He is like a stronghold

placed in the best strategic position,

to take advantage of every good harvest when it comes;

The bricks are impenetrable,

the things he pursues, he gets.

But the bad examples are not eternally happy!

They are like tumbleweeds in the breeze.

So the bad examples will be judged accordingly,

along with the people who oppose God.

God leads the faithful people back to himself,

and the bad examples will be left to themselves.


Psalm 23 (revised)

The Lord, Savior and Redeemer

A psalm of Jason.Fountain_of_Eternal_Life_crop

The Lord is my savior;

he always shows me his mercy.

In church he makes me kneel down;

to the water that flowed from his side;

he restores me through his body.

He advises me through his church

for the sake of his love.

Even though my flesh calls out to sin and death,

I do not fear the world or the devil, for Jesus is with me and loves me;

your chastisement and your authority make me feel at home.

You freed me from my sins,

while the unrepentant looks on;

You make me into your priest;

to show your mercy to others.

I will always be ready to receive your forgiveness

while I am on earth;

My savior’s church will be my home until the end comes.